You have to move your whole body in and through the water in swimming. Sounds easy. However, in reality, a lot of work reduces the water’s drag because it is so thick.
Even though a person would feel lighter in water, the breath will keep your muscles from relaxing while you move because they will be pulled. This helps you work out your muscles without putting a lot of stress on your bone joints.
There are five main ways to swim. Let’s talk about each type’s technique, benefits, muscles used, and so on in more detail.
Swimming in 5 Distinct Styles
Another way to swim this way is to lay down. To move, the body is forced into an angle from a flat position. This is called Breastroke. It helps the body move through the water with frog-like kicks and hand movements inside the water.
The legs are bent and kicked out inside the water to move forward. When this frog-like movement happens (symmetrical whip kick), it occurs under the water.
People move their arms in the same way and at the same time. The hands make an arc as they move back and forth. They don’t transfer in a straight line like they do in the freestyle stroke.
You can breathe when your hands are under your chest, and you’re above the water surface.
The breaststroke is the slowest of the five types of swimming strokes, but it’s still one of the fastest. As a general rule, beginners are taught this technique first because their heads are above water most of the time.
An old swimming stroke can be used to save a person who’s drowning. It only needs one arm, asymmetrical underwater arm moves, and a scissor kick. The body is sideways during the whole stroke. The head is always above water.
It looks like this: The upper leg pushes against the water with its back. The lower one moves with its front.
Arms move in an unbalanced and random way. As the lower arm moves underwater, the upper arm, which was on the side, bends at the elbow and moves back toward the chest.
It is simpler to breathe when the head is above water during the stroke.
The butterfly stroke is done from a prone position. Because it is so hard, it is a lot more exhausting than other types of swimming strokes. It moves the chest and hips up and down on the surface of the water in waves.
As you kick your legs in the water, they move in a dolphin-like way. This means both legs stay together and straight as you do it.
Again, the arms move simultaneously, tracing an hourglass motion under the water. It starts with them extending their arms forward. They move down from there to their hips, going from there to their chest.
Breathing starts when both the head and the chest are lifted above the water.
The butterfly stroke is one of the most difficult strokes to learn to do well. People find it hard to understand the undulations, dolphin kicks, and arm moves. It is very tiring, so it isn’t usually used by people who swim for fun or exercise.
Muscles that are used in the Butterfly stroke:
- People use their core abdominal and lower back muscles a lot when they breathe. These muscles help lift the body out of the water.
- Glutes are used to move the legs like a dolphin-like they do.
- Pecs, quads, hamstrings, calves, shoulders, biceps, and triceps play a significant role in this decisive move.
This stroke is also called “Freestyle.” It gives you the most speed with the least effort. Freestyle swimming has a Prone horizontal (face down) position that is part of it.
Flutter kicks and arm movements that move in different directions help to make the body move forward.
Legs move back and forth in the water with quick and compact kicks that keep the feet pointed.
Each time, arms are used to pull the water back. The water is removed by one arm from an extended forward position to the hip, and the other component is used to bring the water back to the raised forward position.
People breathe sideways when they pull an arm out of the water to get it back. The head and the shoulder quickly take in air. Air is exhaled into the water itself so that enough can be taken in during the small amount of time it takes to inhale.
Backstroke is the only type of competitive stroke that can be done on the back of a swimming pool. The head is neutral with its back to the sky, facing up. It looks a lot like the Front Crawl type, except for one big difference: the back is facing down.
Flutter kicks are done with quick and small movements by the legs.
To move backward, arms pull the water under the body. Backstroke is third fastest in a race, after Butterfly and Front Crawl when it comes to speed.
When you swim this way, you don’t have to move your body to breathe because your head doesn’t go into the water.
These are the muscles that are used to do the backstroke.
The shoulder muscles have to be in charge more than in other strokes in this move. During the backstroke, the lower leg muscles also play a big part in how well you do.
There is a lot of use of small muscles in the rotator cuff, like the subscapularis and the teres minor. This swimming stroke is suitable for back problems because it helps relax the muscles and straighten the spine.